Geographical Range Argentina, Australia, Chile, Falkland Islands, French Southern Territories, Heard Island and McDonald Island, New Zealand, St. Helena, South Africa
Habitat open sea, coastline and rocky shores
Scientific Name Eudyptes chrysocome
Conservation Status Vulnerable

Southern rockhopper penguins have distinctive yellow plumes extending from a yellow stripe above the eye. They are about 18 inches tall and weigh 4 to 9 pounds.

In the wild, they feed mostly on krill, but also eat fish and squid. At the Zoo, rockhoppers eat fish, including capelin, mackerel, herring and trout.

As the name suggests, these little penguins can leap off the ledges and cliffs of the rocky habitat where they nest. They can also survive the battering they get when they launch themselves out of high waves onto rocky coastlines. Rockhoppers can jump up to six feet in a single hop.

It is estimated that over the past 37 years, the number of southern rockhopper penguins have declined by 34%.

All penguins are flightless and all are native to the southern hemisphere.