Geographical Range Sahara Desert (in Africa)
Habitat Sandy and stony deserts
Scientific Name Addax nasomaculatus
Conservation Status Critically endangered

Addaxes live in the barren deserts of northern Africa, where they browse on any available scrub plants. These large antelopes are well-suited for desert life. Their white haircoats reflect the rays of the scorching desert sun, and their splayed hooves permit easy travel on sand.

After a pregnancy lasting nine months, addax cows give birth to a single calf. The sand-colored newborns lie motionless in the sparse vegetation, emerging from hiding only periodically to nurse.

The biggest threat facing addaxes is overhunting, and in recent years the number of wild addaxes has plummeted to near extinction. Fortunately, addaxes are plentiful in zoos and this species is carefully managed in zoos through a cooperative breeding program called a Species Survival Plan.

Did You Know?

There are less than 200 addaxes left in the wild.