Geographical Range Canada, United States
Habitat Woodlands, farmlands, orchards, suburban areas
Scientific Name Corvus brachyrhynchos
Conservation Status Common

The common or American crow is one of numerous species of crows worldwide. As a whole, crows are very adaptable, clever birds. Despite their persecution by humans, they have successfully colonized all continents except Antarctica and South America. (And although crows do not live in South America, their near-relative, the jay, is found on that continent.)

Many scientists consider crows among the smartest of all birds. Studies show they can solve problems and are capable of learning.

Perhaps one reason for their success is crows’ bold nature. They make the most of any situation and will eat just about anything. This includes insects and other animals, seeds, nuts, wild fruit, eggs and young of other birds, and dead animals (including roadkill). They are fond of corn, which makes them unpopular with some farmers, though they also feed on agricultural pests like grasshoppers and cutworms.

We’ve all heard the “cawing” sound that crows make. But like most birds, they actually have a complicated language with specialized calls that carry recognizable meanings, like alarm, scolding, etc. Crows can also be taught to mimic human words, which is not a language, of course, but simply an imitative skill.