Geographical Range Tropical and temperate regions worldwide
Habitat Rocky areas, including cliffs and caves; in urban areas, on ledges and rooftops
Scientific Name Columba livia
Conservation Status Common

This remarkable bird continues to baffle scientists because of its ability to find its way home after traveling great distances. It’s thought that the homing pigeon uses a combination of navigational skills to accomplish the job. These include a sensitivity to the earth’s magnetic fields and to various light waves, as well as recognition of landmarks.

The ancient Egyptians domesticated the homing pigeon about 5,000 years ago to deliver messages over long distances. The species was brought to North America in the 1600s. Descendants of birds that escaped into the wild can now be found in all 50 states.

The pigeons feed on a variety of foods, including grains, seeds, corn and human food scraps.