Geographical Range Sahara Desert (in Africa)
Habitat Sandy and stony deserts
Scientific Name Addax nasomaculatus
Conservation Status Critically endangered

Addaxes live in the barren deserts of northern Africa, where they browse on any available scrub plants. These large antelopes are well-suited for desert life. Their white haircoats reflect the rays of the scorching desert sun, and their splayed hooves permit easy travel on sand.

After a pregnancy lasting nine months, addax cows give birth to a single calf. The sand-colored newborns lie motionless in the sparse vegetation, emerging from hiding only periodically to nurse.

Did You Know?

A recent aerial and ground survey funded in part by the Saint Louis Zoo indicates there may now be less than 100 addax left in the wild. Overhunting, political insecurity, and disturbance within their habitat by oil exploration threaten their existence, and in recent years the number of wild addaxes has plummeted to near extinction. Addaxes are still relatively plentiful in zoos and carefully managed through a cooperative breeding program called a Species Survival Plan, with the hope they can one day be used to restore addax in the wild.