Geographical Range Northern India to Iran
Habitat Grasslands
Scientific Name Ovis orientalis arkal
Conservation Status Vulnerable

Transcaspian urials live in open rolling terrain where these wild sheep feed primarily on grass. Rut or breeding season occurs in the autumn and lambs are born in the spring when food is plentiful. There is a strict dominance hierarchy among rams based on their age and the size of their massive curling horns; the ram with the biggest horns is the leader. In the struggle for dominance, two rams push and shove one another and finally back away, rear up on their hind legs, and lunge forward and down, crashing their horns together.

Urials are usually fast enough to escape from their natural predators, wolves and leopards. Despite their speed and agility, urials often fall prey to humans for food and trophies.

Did You Know?

The neck ruffs of male transcaspian urials can reach lengths of nine inches.