Location: Missouri and worldwide
Project Manager: Ed Spevak
Flagship Species: Bumble bee
- The Center worked with the Ho-Chunk/Winnebago Tribe and Omaha Nation in Nebraska to plant several hundred milkweed plants and acres of pollinator habitat, along with over 100 native fruit and nut trees and shrubs that are traditional foods and pollinator dependent.
- In addition, the Center and the tribes work on developing pasture management strategies for reintroduced bison on these lands since bison pasture is easier to manage and is pollinator friendly.
- The Center is working with Missourians for Monarchs and utility companies to develop the Butterfly Byway along the Mississippi Riverfront in St. Louis, which serves to create 30 acres of monarch butterfly habitat that consist of native plants.
- Focus on the importance and diversity of our native pollinators, especially native bees, for the maintenance and survival of wildlife, ecosystems and agriculture.
- Educating people about why pollinators are so important for the plants and wildlife around them as well as for their own well-being.
- Developing and supporting local, national and international collaborations to develop pollinator conservation programs and research.
- Advancing our understanding and appreciation of native bees and other pollinators.
- Missourians for Monarchs and Missouri Department of Transportation – These two groups work together, along with utility companies, to develop Pollinator Rights of Ways, which could create thousands of acres of pollinator habitat throughout the state and create wildlife corridors between fragmented habitats.
- Honey Bee Health Coalition and Keystone Monarch Collaborative – Theseare broad coalitions of NGO’s, farmers and growers, agribusinesses, state and federal government agencies, universities, researchers, and beekeepers working towards honey bee, monarch and native pollinator conservation, especially in agricultural contexts.
- International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission’s Bumblebee Specialist Group (BBSG) – Founded in part by the CNPC, the BBSG is a worldwide network of bumble bee researchers whose mission is to examine all species of bumble bees, establish their conservation statuses, and focus appropriate conservation and research efforts on species of greatest concern.
- Native Foods, Native Peoples, Native Pollinators – The initiative, working on Tribal and Reservation land, focuses on the intersection of wild and cultivated foods, cultural traditions and food sovereignty, healthy environments and people, and the environment (as exemplified by pollinators) and is helping develop a new direction for zoo-based conservation efforts.
Among American Indian/ Alaska Native people, federal policies forcibly separated Native people from their historical lands and traditional sources of food. This separation from healthy foods has become one of the most serious health problems in Indian Country. Additionally, many traditional belief systems include the concepts of harmony and balance in respect to food. These concepts can motivate individuals and communities to increase their use of traditional foods and adopt healthier lifestyles as well as conserving and improving pollinator habitat for food production and security.
The CNPC is working with the Ho-Chunk/Winnebago Tribe and Omaha Nation in Nebraska to plant milkweeds and pollinator habitat, along with native fruit and nut trees and shrubs that are traditional foods and pollinator dependent, increasing pollinator habitat. The CNPC is also working with tribes to plant traditional and heirloom crops to improve food security and sovereignty and to support pollinators. The CNPC is expanding its work with these tribes as well as with the Santee Sioux and Ponca in Nebraska, Oglala Lakota in South Dakota, the Confederated Salish and Kootenai of the Flathead Nation in Montana, and the Meskwaki in Iowa to develop and restore pollinator habitat, plant traditional food crops and wild plants, and develop bisonpollinator pastures and management. The CNPC also offers education and outreach programs to these tribes.
Each American Indian Nation, Tribe and Reservation may have slightly different issues and potential outcomes, but the overall program could benefit countless people and pollinators. The issues surrounding Native American food security and health as well as pollinator habitat and health are nationwide and ongoing. The CNPC sees an unrealized niche in pollinator conservation and human and cultural health within the conservation community.
- The Center has developed bee identification guides for landowners, farmers and gardeners.
- We survey areas within the St. Louis region to examine overall diversity and relative abundance of bee species and identify possible areas of conservation concern.
- We work alongside the City of St. Louis to educate individuals about native bees and monarch butterflies and develop best bee practices to ensure their survival.
- We work to develop and implement strategies for bumblebee and monarch butterfly conservation throughout the state of Missouri and the Midwest.
- We work with the Ho-Chunk/Winnebago Tribe and Omaha Nation in Nebraska. The CNPC is expanding its work with these tribes as well as with the Santee Sioux and Ponca in Nebraska, Oglala Lakota in South Dakota, the Confederated Salish and Kootenai of the Flathead Nation in Montana, and the Meskwaki in Iowa in Nebraska to plant milkweed and pollinator habitats, as well as traditional food crops, fruit and nut trees, and heirloom varieties to increase food security and sovereignty.
The concern is that in thousands upon thousands of cases, we don’t really know what environmental and genetic cues plants and pollinators use. According to ecologist David Inouye of the University of Maryland, some plant-pollinator pairs in a particular area likely do respond to the same environmental cues, and it’s reasonable to expect they will react similarly to climate change. Migratory pollinators, like hummingbirds, seem to be particularly at risk, since climate change will almost certainly affect different latitudes differently. There is no guarantee that the thousands of plant-pollinator interactions that sustain the productivity of our crops and natural ecosystems won’t be disrupted by climate change.
See the Zoo's position on climate change.
At the Saint Louis Zoo's Annual Pollinator dinner June 17, 2014, leaders of a new Honey Bee Health Coalition gathered to announce their plans for responding to declines in honey bee and pollinator health—a situation that puts worldwide food security at risk. See press release.